insomnia

Schizophrenia: Genes related to circadian rhythms may be disrupted

New research examines the brains of people with schizophrenia and finds disrupted patterns of expression in genes linked with sleep-wake cycles. Worldwide, schizophrenia is one of the top 15 leading causes of disability, affecting about 1% of the world’s population. In the United States, slightly more than 1% of adults, about 3 million, may be living with schizophrenia, according to some estimates. The condition causes several symptoms, including impaired thought processes, emotions, and social behavior. People with schizophrenia also frequently…

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From Insomnia To Sexsomnia, Unlocking The ‘Secret World’ Of Sleep

We tend to think of being asleep or awake as an either-or prospect: If you’re not asleep, then you must be awake. But sleep disorder specialist and neurologist Guy Leschziner says it’s not that simple. “If one looks at the brain during sleep, we now know that actually sleep is not a static state,” Leschziner says. “There are a number of different brain states that occur while we sleep.” As head of the sleep disorders center at Guy’s…

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Insomnia: ‘Long-distance’ CBT as effective as in-person therapy

Thousands of people around the world experience insomnia, which affects their quality of life, health, and productivity. One effective way of managing insomnia is cognitive behavioral therapy, but many individuals may not have the time or money to visit a therapist’s office. So, what is the solution? Studies have shown that at least 10–30% of the world’s population, if not more, deal with insomnia, a sleep disorder in which people frequently have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or…

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Stress: A feeling of control may limit its negative effects

Researchers conducted a study on rats and revealed that the possibility of controlling the source of stress may be key to reducing its impact. Everybody experiences stress at some point in their lives. Sometimes, stress can be a positive force and lead to positive outcomes. However, when it becomes chronic, it might produce a range health complaints. These may include headaches, muscle tension, chest pain, gastrointestinal issues, insomnia, and mental health conditions. Full story at Medical News Today

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Mental shortcuts: Many physicians choose insomnia meds based on habit

Clinical decision-making is a complex process, driven by multiple factors, including social and psychological dynamics, peer pressure and even exposure to drug advertising. Now research from Harvard Medical School shows that when it comes to a physician’s choice of insomnia medication, habit may trump all else. The results suggest that many clinicians choose insomnia drugs somewhat reflexively, based on routine, rather than by taking into account a patient’s symptoms and medical history. Indeed, the analysis…

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Potential pathway between insomnia, depression, study of firefighters finds

A new study of firefighters suggests that insomnia and nightmares may increase the risk of depression by impairing the ability to access and leverage emotion regulation strategies effectively. Results show that a high percentage of participants reported clinically significant insomnia symptoms (52.7 percent), depression symptoms (39.6 percent) and nightmare problems (19.2 percent). Further analyses revealed that the indirect effects of overall emotion regulation difficulties were significant both for the relationship between insomnia and depression and…

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Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia reduces suicidal thoughts in veterans

A new study is the first to show that the treatment of insomnia in veterans is associated with a significant reduction in suicidal ideation. Results show that suicidal ideation decreased by 33 percent following up to six sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). Further analysis found that the reduction in insomnia severity achieved during CBT-I was associated with a concurrent decrease in the odds of suicidal ideation. This relationship remained significant after controlling…

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